Title: German - General Quicksheet
Author: Jeff DeMaagd
Last Update: 1/24/1999

The German Quicksheet Index page.


Coordinating Conjunctions
Deutsch English
aber but
denn because
sondern but (rather)
oder or
und and
Subordinating Conjunctions
Deutsch English
als when (specific time in past)
daß (dass) that
weil because
ob if (whether or not)
wann when (at which time)
wenn if (on the condition that)
'When' Conjunctions
Deutsch English
als when (specific time in past)
wann when (at which time)
wenn when (on the condition that)

'If' Conjunctions
Deutsch English
ob if (whether or not)
wenn if (on the condition that)

There are only 5 coordinating conjunctions in the German Language. All other conjunctions are subordinating conjunctions.

While weil and denn have similar meanings, weil shows a stronger connection or causality.

The conjunction daß is said to eventually be changed to dass in the future. I like daß more, but if it is an official standard to use otherwise, then I'm fine with it.

The question words also cause subordinate clauses.

Question Words

Deutsch wer was warum wann wo wie wieveil wo...hin
English who what why when where how how much where...to?

Posessive Adjectives:

First Second Masc. Neuter Femininewe they pl.'you'formal 'you'
mein dein sein sein ihr unser euer ihr Ihr

Articles / Endings

Nominative der / - das / - die / -e die / -e
Accusative den / -en das / - die / -e die / -e
Dative dem / -em dem / -em der / -er den -n / -en, -n
Genitive des / -(e)s des / -(e)s der / - der / -

The parentheses in the genitive case denote that if the modified word has one syllable, include the 'e', else drop it.



Deutsch English
bis until
durch through
fur for
gegen against
ohne without
um around/at

Deutsch English
aus out of
außer besides
bei near, by, with
mit with
nach after/to
seit since
von from
zu to/at
gegenüber across from
Accusative / Dative

Deutsch English
an on vert.
auf on horz.
hinter behind
in in
neben besides
uber over
unter under
vor front of
zwischen between

Deutsch English
(an)statt instead of
trotz in spite of
wahrend during
wegen on account of

Prepositional Phraise Word Endings

Primary / Secondary
Masc. Neuter Feminine Plural
Nominative -er * /-e -es * /-e -e/-e -e/-en
Accusative -en/-en -es * /-e -e/-e -e/-en
Dative -em/-en -em/-en -er/-en -en -n/-en
Genitive -es -s -es -s -er -er
* - ein -words have no ending in these cases.
The words take on the primary ending unless there is an ein-word or a der-word

Adjectives / Adverbs

Amerika America\
alles everything\
da there
das that
dort there
heir here\
helles bright
langer long
leben live, life
leicht light
müde tired\
nach to\
nein no\
noch yet, still, nor, another
nur only
schon already
spät late\
später later\
wieder again
danke thank you\
finden to find\
Frau,Fraulien Misses.\
Herr sir\
kennen to know\
Hunger hungry\
kosten to cost, sample, taste\
sein (bin, bist ist, sind, seid, sind) to be\
verrückt crazy\
weg away\
Alright, some of the above Aren't adjectives, I just have no clue how to categorize them.
Mr und Mrs Blake bestellen sich ein Gedeck.
Dann kommt ein anderer Kellner.
Mr Blake trinkt einen leichten Weißwein, Frau Blake bestellt sich ein Glas helles Bier.
Nach dem Nachtich verlangt Mr. Blake die Rechnung.

Mr and Mrs Blake order themselves a menu.
Then another waiter comes.
Mr Blake drinks a light weisswein, Mrs. Blake orders itself a glass light beer.
For the Naechtich Mr. Blake asks for the bill.

Travel Tips for Germany:

When you are under 26, you can qualify for student rates. You usually need an international student ID, which American students can get from the AYH for about $25.

American Youth Hostel Association
PO Box 37613
Washington DC 20013-7613

Telephone: 202 793 6161

©1998 Jeff DeMaagd , base document. Open Content Licence

1/24/1999 - verbs now have their own page.

Work To Do:
I would appreciate contributions to this page. If you know HTML and can format similarly to my code (or better), please learn how to use 'patch' and 'diff' so I don't have to pick out every little change and add them. 'patch' and 'diff' are standard UNIX development tools, available in free versions.